Sekilas Manajemen Risiko (1)


Manajemen risiko termasuk fungsi perusahaan yang relatif baru dibandingkan fungsi-fungsi manajemen atau perusahaan lain seperti keuangan, pemasaran,produksi, sumber daya manusia, atau teknologi informasi.  Sebagai bidang kajian baru, manajemen risiko memang baru muncul belakangan, yaitu setelah perang dunia kedua (Dione, 2013).  Meskipun menunjukkan perkembangan yang berarti sebagai bidang ilmu atau fungsi perusahaan, namun manajemen risiko belum berhasil menyelamatkan perusahaan, bahkan perekonomian sebuah Negara dari krisi finansial global pada tahun 2007. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa teori dan praktek manajemen risiko masih terus berkembang sampai saat ini.

Beberapa definisi manajemen risiko, di antaranya: (1) COSO: “Enterprise risk management is a process, effected by an entity’s board of directors, management and other personnel, applied in strategy setting and across the enterprise, designed to identify potential events that may affect the entity, and manage risk to be within its risk appetite, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the  achievement of entity objectives“; (2) IRM: “The systematic process of understanding, evaluating and addressing these risks to maximise the chances of objectives being achieved and ensuring organisations, individuals and communities are sustainable.”; (3) ISO 31000: “Coordinated activities to  direct and control an organization with regard to risk.”; (4) CAS: “The process by which organizations in all industries assess, control, exploit, finance and monitor risks from all sources for the purpose of increasing the organization’s short and long term value to its stakeholders.”


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